Monday, 16 January 2017

The Liberal War: The ships that took part in the Battle of Cape St. Vincent

I was rather intrigued by the fact that a British admiral commanded the Liberal fleet during the war, and did some research into the ships that took part in the Battle of Cape St. Vincent.


Liberal fleet
Commanded by Admiral Charles Napier
  • Frigates:
    • Rainha de Portugal (46 guns [5th Rate]; Flagship; Captain MacDonough)*
    • Dona Maria (42 guns [5th Rate]; Captain Peake)
    • Dom Pedro (50 guns [5th Rate]; Captain Thomas Goble)
  • Corvette:
    • Vila Flor (18 guns [6th Rate]; Captain Ruxton)
  • Brig:
    • Portuense (20 gun [6th Rate]; Captain Blackstone)
  • Schooner:
    • Faro (6 guns)

Miguelite fleet
Commanded by Admiral Manuel António Marreiros
  • Ships-of-the-Line:
    • Rainha (74 guns [2nd Rate]; Captain Barradas) – Captured by Rainha de Portugal
    • Dom João (74 guns [2nd Rate]; Flagship) – Captured by Rainha de Portugal
    • Duquesa da Bragança (56 guns [4th Rate]) – Captured by Dona Maria
  • Frigate:
    • Martinho de Freitas (50 guns [5th Rate]) – Captured by Rainha de Portugal after beating off an attack by Portuense, during which Captain Blackstone was killed
  • Corvettes:
    • Isabel Maria (22 guns [6th Rate]) – Captured
    • Princesa Real (24 guns [6th Rate])
    • Tejo (20 guns [6th Rate])
    • Sybille (20 guns [6th Rate])
  • Brig:
    • Audaz (18 guns [6th Rate])
  • Xebec:
    • Activa

* The Rainha de Portugal is shown on some lists as having been built as a 74 gun ship-of-the-line in the 1791. She is thought to have been rebuilt as a frigate and in 1833 she was renamed (somewhat unsurprisingly) Cabo de São Vicente. She is thought to have been discarded by 1848.

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